The Bible records how Abraham came from Ur Gen During a famine, he migrated to Egypt Gen His sons and grandsons chose wives, for the most part, from among the Aramaeans, bedouins desert nomads who lived in the region of Syria cf.
Protective equipment - shield, helmet, body armour Search Opening in a new window Printout For best results save the whole webpage pictures included onto your hard disk, open the page with Word 97 or higher, edit if necessary and print.
Shields, helmets and body armour Shields The shield was used to any large extent since the second millennium. It restricted the warrior who wanted to protect himself with a shield in his choice of weapon. Bows for instance had to be handled with both hands.
Thus sometimes a shield-bearer accompanied the archer: The Hittite chariots Ramses II fought at Kadesh were manned by a driver, an archer and a shield-bearer. This in return required bigger, heavier and thus less fast and manoeuvrable chariots.
Big shields were heavier, limiting the time they could be carried, the speed with which the soldiers could advance and their field of vision. Protection was paid for with the effectiveness of the attack. The shield's size was also dependent on the main weapon it was to protect from and changed over the times.
In the 20th century, when Egyptians had not yet come into conflict with Asiatics, man-high shields behind which the whole body could be hidden, gave good protection against showers of arrows.
When defending oneself against directed blows of battle axes or swords, smaller shields, which were more easily handled, were a better choice.
Thus the tall shields disappeared during the 2nd millennium. Shields were made of wood, often in conjunction with leather or rawhide. Production of the New Year's gifts: Metal plate shields were heavier than leather shields with wooden frames, and did not necessarily afford better protection.
Egypt (/ ˈ iː dʒ ɪ p t / () EE-jipt; Arabic: مِصر Miṣr, Egyptian Arabic: مَصر Maṣr, Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ K h ēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai iridis-photo-restoration.com is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. The term "Sea Peoples" is a moder name given to various seaborne and land invaders, raiders and a loose confederation of clans who troubled the lands of the Near East and Egypt .
At Oxford University a leather covered wooden frame shield and a bronze shield were constructed similar to shields used in ancient times. Attempts at piercing them with a sword and a lance were made. While the bronze shield was split by the sword and pierced by the spear, the leather shield with its higher elasticity was not penetrated.
The shields were held by a handle or a leather strip fastened to the centre of the frame see photograph below.
At times attempts were made to free the shield arm for offensive action, or at least for carrying another weapon. The shield was carried by a strap slung over the shoulder and was thus reduced to a passive piece of armour protecting one side of the body.
The round shield was an import from the Aegean. The form doesn't seem to have had any intrinsic military value, but was rather a local tradition which spread over much of the eastern Mediterranean.
Helmets Just as in civilian life, Egyptians at war rarely covered their heads, the pharaohs being the exception. They often wore special headgear. At the festival in Luxur during Horemheb's coronation came forth to the [rear] in the palace the majesty of this august god, Amon, king of gods, his son before him.
He embraced his beauty crowned witht the royal helmet, in order to assign to him the circuit of the sun. The Nine Bows are beneath his feet. List of booty which the army of his majesty brought away from [these foreigner]s: Nubians on the other hand are never shown helmeted.
Body armour Because of the climate, very little armour was ever worn in Africa. Sometimes broad leather bands covered part of the torso of charioteers, but generally soldiers are depicted without any body protection.
Again the pharaohs were - not surprisingly - the exception. Ramses II fighting as a charioteer was portrayed wearing scale armour with sleeves, covering the whole torso. His legs were of course protected by the chariot.
He seized his weapons of war; he girded his coat of mail; he was like Baal in his hour.
Petrie Museum website A large number of the Asiatic enemies of the Egyptians seem to have worn armour. One fine bronze coat of mail belonging to the prince of Megiddo. Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian Literature, Volume 2, pp. Golden corselets of mail with precious stones were made for members of the royal family and gods are at times depicted wearing armour.
The skirts of the goddesses are inconceivably scant ; but they are rich in jewellery, and their headdresses, necklaces, and bracelets are full of minute and interesting detail.The term "Sea Peoples" is a moder name given to various seaborne and land invaders, raiders and a loose confederation of clans who troubled the lands of the Near East and Egypt .
Aegean art and Egyptian art show some similarity in that they were used for religious and cultural purposes. Much of Aegean art was a form of giving gratitude to their gods for the huge fortune and gain favor in opportune moments. Egypt: Land of the Pharaohs (Lost Civilizations) [Time-Life Books, Dale M.
Brown] on iridis-photo-restoration.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Examines the civilization and history of ancient Egypt.
The Greek Bronze Age, roughly to BCE, witnessed the flourishing of the Minoan and Mycenean civilizations, the earliest expansion of trade in the Aegean and wider Mediterranean Sea, the development of artistic techniques in a variety of media, and the evolution of early Greek religious practices and mythology.
The need to store things led to the development of containers, first among them bags of fibre or leather, woven baskets and iridis-photo-restoration.com clay lends itself to many other purposes: bricks, tableware, statuettes, funerary offerings, jewellery, toys and games etc.
Pottery, the moulding of form out of a formless mass and its becoming imperishable through firing, is the most miraculous kind of creation. Aegean Airlines flies from Egypt to Greece and other destinations. On iridis-photo-restoration.com, you will find the cheapest flights and best hotels at the most affordable prices.
Book a ticket with Aegean Airlines and fly from the land of the Pharaohs with an air carrier that .