Representations of Kingship and Power in Shakespeare's Second Tetralogy Amanda Mabillard Since it is impossible to know Shakespeare's attitudes, beliefs, and play writing methodology, we can only present hypotheses, based upon textual evidence, regarding his authorial intention and the underlying didactic message found in the second tetralogy of history plays.
In his play, Hamlet, Shakespeare delves into the themes of appearance versus reality, lies versus deceit, rejection versus self doubt and tragedy, and in doing so attacks the frivolous state of humanity in contemporary society.
In order to explore these themes, however, he uses several forms of conflict to project his opinions and expand his ideas relating to the themes of the play. Internal conflict, as well as external conflict are dominant features of his works, and in Hamlet are made evident through a succession of dire events which can attack and destroy someone.
However perhaps the most captivating form of conflict Shakespeare uses to expand and explore the ideas presented within the text is the conflict between the self and the universe. Old Hamlet is killed by his brother Claudius.
One night old Hamlets ghost appears to prince Hamlet and tells him how he was poisoned by his own brother. Up until this point the kingdom of Denmark believed that old Hamlet had died of natural causes.
He explores these conflicts through the use of soliloquies, recurring motifs, structure and mirror plotting. Shakespeare uses external conflict in order to explore the theme of consequence, action and reaction in reaction in relation to consequence. Using the idea of external conflict, the playwright is able to demonstrate the aftermath of a difficult decision, leading to personal moral dilemma.
This is made evident to the viewer when Hamlet kills Claudius. The consequence that follows is often an internal one. Hamlet in trying to mask his inner feelings and to foreshadow the fact that he is about to kill Claudius acts out lunacy.
We see that Hamlet is a man of logic; we also see his weaknesses such as his procrastination and his self doubt.
The play, like many tragedies concludes with the death of many of the characters. This is a quote by Horatio as he speaks of how the tragedy came to be. Hamlet begins with an exposition where the characters and mood of the play are introduced. The audience is then exposed to the main conflict.
The main divergence arises when Hamlet learns of how his father was really killed by Claudius. This helps the playwright present and explore the ideas of deceit, lies and reality. He merges the ideas of lies, deceit and self doubt resulting in a melange of moral dilemma and personal complications.
This gives way to the recurring motifs of revenge, action versus inaction, broken family relationships and the questioning of life. Using the climatic point of the play, where Hamlet is reassured that Claudius killed his father consequently results in an anti-climax.
Shakespeare translates further the idea of internal versus external conflict by giving it a physical nature. Shakespeare also uses soliloquies to emphasise Hamlets inner thoughts and conflict.
This stands in contrast to the way he acts amongst others; with the intention of highlighting the inner turmoil he is experiencing. The infamous quote, "To be or not to be: It is during this soliloquy that Hamlet is contemplating whether he should take his own life. He is led to the extreme where he questions his existence.
As a result of the conflict surrounding becomes it becomes the conflict consuming him. It explores through it the ideas of tragedy, self doubt, rejection and deceit.
In his soliloquy his deeply passionate nature is complemented by a relentlessly logical intellect. This shows to us that Hamlet is indeed sane and a man of logic, even when he is at the pointBut conflict in Shakespeare’s plays goes deeper than that: there is conflict between the generations; conflict between different philosophies and ideologies; class conflict; racial conflict; and at the heart of it all, conflict between light and darkness, good and evil.
The Complete Works of William Shakespeare is a work that has had such far reaching effect in the English speaking world and outside that it can barely be overstated. Shakespeare uses external conflict in order to explore the theme of consequence, action and reaction in reaction in relation to consequence.
Using the idea of external conflict, the playwright is able to demonstrate the aftermath of a difficult decision, leading to personal moral dilemma. This is made evident to the viewer when Hamlet kills Claudius.4/4(1).
The Guinness Book of Records lists feature-length film and TV versions of William Shakespeare's plays, making Shakespeare the most filmed author ever in any language..
As of July , the Internet Movie Database lists Shakespeare as having writing credit on 1, films, including those under production but not yet released. The earliest known production is King John from Type of Work Although William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice is considered a comedy, it is probably better categorized as a tragicomedy (a play with both comic and tragic elements).
As a comedy, the play focuses on Christians whose problems have a happy resolution.
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