The rules of writing a research paper

Apply general APA style and formatting conventions in a research paper. There are a few major formatting styles used in academic texts, including AMA, Chicago, and Turabian:

The rules of writing a research paper

Electronic Submission Margins Except for the running head see belowleave margins of one inch at the top and bottom and on both sides of the text. Text Formatting Always choose an easily readable typeface Times New Roman is just one example in which the regular type style contrasts clearly with the italic, and set it to a standard size, such as 12 points.

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Do not justify the lines of text at the right margin; turn off any automatic hyphenation feature in your writing program. Double-space the entire research paper, including quotations, notes, and the list of works cited.

Indent the first line of a paragraph half an inch from the left margin. Leave one space after a period or other concluding punctuation mark, unless your instructor prefers two spaces. On a new, double-spaced line, center the title fig.

the rules of writing a research paper

Do not italicize or underline your title, put it in quotation marks or boldface, or type it in all capital letters. Follow the rules for capitalization in the MLA Handbook 67—68and italicize only the words that you would italicize in the text.

Begin your text on a new, double-spaced line after the title, indenting the first line of the paragraph half an inch from the left margin. The top of the first page of a research paper.

A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay.

If your teacher requires a title page in lieu of or in addition to the header, format it according to the instructions you are given. Running Head with Page Numbers Number all pages consecutively throughout the research paper in the upper right-hand corner, half an inch from the top and flush with the right margin.

Type your last name, followed by a space, before the page number fig. Do not use the abbreviation p.

the rules of writing a research paper

Your writing program will probably allow you to create a running head of this kind that appears automatically on every page. Some teachers prefer that no running head appear on the first page.

The running head of a research paper.

HOW TO WRITE AN EFFECTIVE RESEARCH PAPER • Getting ready with data • First draft • Structure of a scientific paper • Selecting a journal • Submission Note good and bad writing styles in the literature. Some are simple and easy to follow, some are just too complex. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted. The design elements and procedures for conducting the research are governed by standards within the predominant discipline.

Placement of the List of Works Cited The list of works cited appears at the end of the paper, after any endnotes. Begin the list on a new page. The list contains the same running head as the main text. The page numbering in the running head continues uninterrupted throughout.

For example, if the text of your research paper including any endnotes ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on page Center the title, Works Cited, an inch from the top of the page fig.

If the list contains only one entry, make the heading Work Cited. Double-space between the title and the first entry. Begin each entry flush with the left margin; if an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch from the left margin.

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This format is sometimes called hanging indention, and you can set your writing program to create it automatically for a group of paragraphs. Hanging indention makes alphabetical lists easier to use.

Double-space the entire list. Continue it on as many pages as necessary. The top of the first page of a works-cited list. Tables and Illustrations Place tables and illustrations as close as possible to the parts of the text to which they relate.

A table is usually labeled Table, given an arabic numeral, and titled. Type both label and title flush left on separate lines above the table, and capitalize them as titles do not use all capital letters.

Give the source of the table and any notes immediately below the table in a caption. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals.

Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig. A table in a research paper. Any other type of illustrative visual material—for example, a photograph, map, line drawing, graph, or chart—should be labeled Figure usually abbreviated Fig.

If the caption of a table or illustration provides complete information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, no entry for the source in the works-cited list is necessary. A figure in a research paper. Musical illustrations are labeled Example usually abbreviated Ex.

Pyotr Ilich Tchaikovsky, Symphony no.Edit Article How to Write an Outline for a Research Paper. In this Article: Sample Outlines Outline Type and Structure Outline Levels Components of Effective Outlines Organizing the Outline Community Q&A Writing an outline for a research paper can seem like a time consuming task, and you may not understand the value of it if you have never written one before.

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How to write a research paper · Help & Writing · Concordia University Library

A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay.

If your teacher requires a title page in lieu of or in addition to the header, format it . Academic writing resources for theological research. Writing.

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Most papers at DTS should conform to the format detailed in A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate Turabian. The resources below will make this much easier. Fig.

1. The top of the first page of a research paper. A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay.

How to Write a Research Paper - A Research Guide for Students