Theoretical approaches are an understandably integral part of the therapeutic process. But with so many different methods out there, how do you know which counseling approach works best for you? These theories are integrated throughout the curriculum of Counseling Northwestern and are built into a foundation grounded in the psychodynamic perspective. Counseling Northwestern uses this theory to train counselors, and it is embedded throughout the counselor training process.
Click here for more information on defense mechanisms. In many cases, the result was some form of neurotic illness. Freud sought to understand the nature and variety of these illnesses by retracing the sexual history of his patients. This was not primarily an investigation of sexual experiences as such.
Freud believed that children are born with a libido — a sexual pleasure urge.
This particular theory shows how adult personality is determined by childhood experiences. Dream Analysis Dream Analysis Freud considered dreams to be the royal road to the unconscious as it is in dreams that the ego's defenses are lowered so that some of the repressed material comes through to awareness, albeit in distorted form.
Dreams perform important functions for the unconscious mind and serve as valuable clues to how the unconscious mind operates. On 24 JulyFreud had his own dream that was to form the basis of his theory.
He had been worried about a patient, Irma, who was not doing as well in treatment as he had hoped. Freud, in fact, blamed himself for this, and was feeling guilty.
Freud dreamed that he met Irma at a party and examined her. He then saw a chemical formula for a drug that another doctor had given Irma flash before his eyes and realized that her condition was caused by a dirty syringe used by the other doctor.
Freud's guilt was thus relieved. Freud interpreted this dream as wish-fulfillment. He had wished that Irma's poor condition was not his fault and the dream had fulfilled this wish by informing him that another doctor was at fault. Based on this dream, Freud went on to propose that a major function of dreams was the fulfillment of wishes.
Freud distinguished between the manifest content of a dream what the dreamer remembers and the latent content, the symbolic meaning of the dream i. The manifest content is often based on the events of the day. The process whereby the underlying wish is translated into the manifest content is called dreamwork.
The purpose of dreamwork is to transform the forbidden wish into a non-threatening form, thus reducing anxiety and allowing us to continue sleeping. Dreamwork involves the process of condensation, displacement, and secondary elaboration.
For example, a dream about a man may be a dream about both one's father and one's lover. A dream about a house might be the condensation of worries about security as well as worries about one's appearance to the rest of the world.
Displacement takes place when we transform the person or object we are really concerned about to someone else. Freud interpreted this as representing his wish to kill his sister-in-law.
If the patient would have really dreamed of killing his sister-in-law, he would have felt guilty. The unconscious mind transformed her into a dog to protect him. Secondary elaboration occurs when the unconscious mind strings together wish-fulfilling images in a logical order of events, further obscuring the latent content.
According to Freud, this is why the manifest content of dreams can be in the form of believable events. Some of these were sexual in nature, including poles, guns, and swords representing the penis and horse riding and dancing representing sexual intercourse.
However, Freud was cautious about symbols and stated that general symbols are more personal rather than universal. In an amusing example of the limitations of universal symbols, one of Freud's patients, after dreaming about holding a wriggling fish, said to him 'that's a Freudian symbol - it must be a penis!
It seems more plausible, as Freud suggested, that the fish represented the patient's mother rather than a penis! Freud's Followers Freud's Followers Freud attracted many followers, who formed a famous group in called the "Psychological Wednesday Society.Dreams Their Analysis The assignment is to recall a dream and analyze it from one or two theoretical perspectives we've learned thus far in dream analysis.
Dreams have been a vehicle to express emotions, thoughts and feelings. Dreams Their Analysis The assignment is to recall a dream and analyze it from one or two theoretical perspectives we've learned thus far in dream analysis.
Dreams have been a vehicle to express emotions, thoughts and feelings. You may wonder why there are so many different psychology perspectives and whether one approach is correct and others wrong. influence on our behavior.
Freud used three main methods of accessing the unconscious mind: free association, dream analysis and slips of The 'id' contains two main instincts: 'Eros', which is the life instinct.
Freud’s theory contributed to the popularity of dream interpretation, which remains popular today. However, research has failed to demonstrate that the manifest content disguises the real psychological significance of a dream.
CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVES ON DREAMING: THEORY, RESEARCH AND PRACTICE James L. Fosshage, Ph.D. Suite Class Two: Freud’s Theory and Implications of Structural Theory for Dreams. 3 Remarks on the theory and practice of dream interpretation.
Standard Edition XIX. Approach to psychotherapy that selects what seems best from a variety of theoretical perspectives.
psychoanalysis. dream analysis, and transference. Therapy in which psychological disorders are traced to inappropriate learning and maladaptive thinking.